Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common tumor with a higher incidence in China than in Western countries. Early NPC can be cured and the 5-year survival rate can reach 95%. So which people are susceptible to nasopharyngeal cancer? The occurrence of nasopharyngeal cancer is closely related to living habits, and nasopharyngeal examination is simple and feasible. Therefore, the prevention and screening of the etiology of nasopharyngeal cancer has a very important position and significance. Here we introduce the methods of prevention of nasopharyngeal cancer.
1. Qi Deficiency Person
This constitution is sensitive to nasopharyngeal carcinoma and runs through the whole process of its occurrence and development. At the same time, the constitution of high-risk population of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is characterized by simple Qi deficiency.
2. The obscure
People with this constitution often suffer from long-term and deep-seated depression and microcirculation disorders. Clinically, it can be seen that its face is dark, there is often dull pain in the fixed parts of the body for unknown reasons, and the tongue is blue-purple or silt spots.
3. Dry red substance
For a long time, people with this constitution have been suffering from severe internal heat, irritability, insomnia, constipation, yellow urine, reddish tongue and little or no tongue coating. The whole human body's metabolism is pathologically hyperactive, leading to some tissues easily irritated by internal and external stimuli and "go astray" and mutation, forming malignant tumors.
4. Allergic constitution
Allergic constitution refers to some people's constitution is different from ordinary people, they are susceptible to allergic diseases, patients often appear asthma, urticaria, food allergy or other allergic diseases.
1. Keep an eye on the weather and prevent coldsAt the same time, we should keep the nose and throat hygienic. When necessary, we can clean the nasopharyngeal cavity to prevent virus infection.
2. Avoid inhaling harmful gasesLike kerosene lamp gas and insecticide sprays which are often encountered in life, we should avoid inhaling, and should also give up smoking and drinking.
3. Early diagnosis and treatment of nasopharyngeal diseasesIf bloody nasal mucus is found or bloody nasal mucus is vomited from the mouth after nasal suction, as well as cervical lymph node enlargement and middle ear effusion of unknown cause, detailed nasopharyngeal examination should be made in time, which is very important for the prevention of nasopharyngeal cancer.
4. Attention should be paid to life adjustment and physical overwork should be avoided.Such as heavy physical work, staying up late, excessive physical exercise, etc., can make the body's internal environment imbalance, resistance decline, and promote the generation and spread of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Reminder:Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is prone to recurrence and early metastasis with poor prognosis. The 5-year survival rate is 0%-10%, so we must pay attention to prevention in daily life and strengthen early screening.